Enhancing post-disaster damage and loss assessment system in Belarus

Location: Republic of Belarus
Client: World Bank
Partner: CIMA Foundation; Belarus State Economics University; JB Chatterton and Associates

A technical assistance project to support the Government of Belarus in enhancing the national post-disaster damage and loss assessment methodology, and to design a related IT system for collection, aggregation and reporting of loss data.

Challenge

The availability of reliable and accurate post-disaster damage and loss information is critical to disaster risk management (DRM) and effective disaster risk reduction (DRR). Collecting and processing this data after disasters is fundamental to DRM including emergency management, relief, reconstruction planning and the development of DRR measures.

In 2018 there was no standardised, easy-to-use methodology to assess damages and losses in operation across the different Ministries and Agencies of the Government of Belarus. To address this, a draft ‘Methodology for Assessment of Economic Losses from Natural and Technogenic Emergency Situations’ was developed.

Solution

We supported the Republic of Belarus in expanding the set of damage and loss indicators, and in establishing methodologies for calculating losses following natural disaster events. These recommendations were based on a review of international damage and loss assessment methodologies as well as detailed user needs assessments undertaken with three core sectors: Housing and Utilities; Agriculture; and Forestry.

Stakeholder engagement working group, BelarusWe carried out extensive local engagement with stakeholders from a Working Group representing 19 Ministries and Agencies of the Government of Belarus, and testing with the three target sectors.

We also generated a detailed conceptual design for an IT system allowing quantification of disaster damages and losses according to the proposed methodology enhancements. The IT system incorporates data capture, mapping, analysis, aggregation and reporting.

The project culminated in a road map of follow-on activities to allow for loss assessment methodology to be adopted within the three core sectors. Recommendations were also made for expanding the methodology to other sectors and for other DRM purposes, including international loss accounting. A software development plan was set out for the phased development of the conceptual IT system, including skills and resource requirements.

Benefit

The enhanced methodology we developed was tested on a number of historic events, demonstrating the potential to be used for detailed compensation calculations in a transparent and standardised way. The detailed enhancements for the core sectors of Housing and Utilities, Agriculture, and Forestry can be adopted by the Government of Belarus immediately.

We have also set out a detailed road map to allow for phased planning of development activities for a national cloud-based IT system that promotes standardised quantification and reporting of post-disaster losses.

Want to know more?

Email John Bevington for more information on damage and loss assessment activities and software development services, supporting a range of public and private sector clients. You can also discover more on our International Development webpage.



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